Although small in area, Hong Kong has more than 550 bird species, representing one third of total species recorded in the whole of China. This diversity is mainly attributable to our geographical location. Situated on the southern coast of China, Hong Kong is blessed with a sub-tropical monsoon climate, which nurtures a host of natural habitats like wetlands, woodlands, shrublands and coastal areas. Hong Kong is also a stopover point along the East-Asian Australasian Flyway, and many migrating birds pass through here on their way south – or they spend the winters here. Hong Kong is an ideal location for bird watching, as – in this one small territory – you can observe the varying forms and habits of birds in different sites at various times of the year.
1. Resident Species
Resident species are birds that normally live and breed in Hong Kong in their entire lives. About one-fifth of birds recorded in Hong Kong are residents. Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Oriental Magpie Robin, Eurasian Magpie, Black-crowned Night Heron and Red-whiskered Bulbul are popular to Hong Kong citizens as they can be commonly seen in urban areas. In rural areas, White-throated Kingfisher and Little Egret can be seen regularly in wetlands. The Cinereous Tit and Japanese White-eye are common in Hong Kong woodlands in all seasons.